Murder. After the Conquest, William I ruled that any unidentified murder victim was to be assumed to be Norman - for which the *hun-dred in which the crime occurred was to be fined - unless he was proved to be English. In the *Dialogus de Scaccario, Richard fitz-Nigel said that murdrum also meant the murder was hidden and intended to be kept so by the perpetrator. By fitz-Nigel's own time distinctions between Norman and Englishman were blurring. One of the rights granted in a charter from Henry I to the citizens of London was exemption from the murdrum fine. Nevertheless, in LHP the penalty for murdrum was fixed at 46 marks. The whole idea of a distinct difference between Englishman and Norman having become obsolete, murdrum was abolished by statute in 1340. [< OldEngl. mord = death, destruction, murder] -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Murdrum — was introduced into English law by the Danes. Being the killing of a man in a secret manner, it is distinguished from simple homicide. In the Laws of Canute an unknown man who was killed was presumed to be a Dane, and the vill was compelled to… …   Wikipedia

  • MURDRUM — apud Anglos olim caedem dolô et clam commissam significabat; item mulctam, eô nomine inflictam. Quoties enim cadaver aliquod reperiebatur, nec interfector erat cognitus, nec occius ipse post vulnera eatenus superstes fuisset, ut eloqui potuisset… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • murdrum — /merr dreuhm/, n. Old Eng. Law. 1. the killing of a human being in a secret manner. 2. the fine payable to the king by the hundred where such a killing occurred, unless the killer was produced or the victim proved to be a Saxon. [ < ML < OF… …   Universalium

  • murdrum — mur·drum …   English syllables

  • murdrum — /msrdrsm/ In old English law, the killing of a man in a secret manner. The fine formerly imposed in England upon a person who had committed homicide per infortunium or se defendendo …   Black's law dictionary

  • murdrum — The ancient Teutonic name which was applied to an amercement which the vill in which a moerda or secret killing was committed, was liable to pay; or, if the vill was too poor, the whole hundred was amerced. See 4 Bl Comm 194 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • murdrum — ˈmərdrəm noun ( s) Etymology: Medieval Latin, murder, fine for murder, from Old French murdre murder more at murder early English law 1 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Anglo-Norman — The Anglo Normans were mainly the descendants of the Normans who ruled England following the conquest by William of Normandy in 1066, although a few Normans were already in England before the conquest. Following the Battle of Hastings, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Tithe — For the type of land division, see Tithing (country subdivision). The Tithe Pig, group by Derby Porcelain, c. 1770 A tithe ( …   Wikipedia

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